100% Clean Energy: Why & How
Two-thirds of San Diego is powered by outdated, polluting fossil fuels. Climate Action Campaign is changing that in a big, 100% clean energy way.
The main path to achieve 100% of our energy from clean, renewable sources like solar requires turning our current energy monopoly system into a system of choice– Community Choice Energy.
Who is going 100%?
The City of San Diego is the largest U.S. city with a binding commitment to go 100% clean energy, and many more around the globe have done the same. Some have even already made the 100% switch!
Cities committed to going 100%: San Diego, CA (100% by 2035), Del Mar, CA (100% by 2035), San Jose, CA (100% by 2022), San Francisco, CA (100% by 2020), Salt Lake City (100% by 2032), Vancouver, BC, Georgetown, TX, Copenhagen, Denmark (carbon neutral by 2025), Bonaire, The Caribbean (100% by 2015), Munich, Germany (100% by 2025), Isle of Wight, England (100% self-sufficient and renewable by 2020), and Frankfurt, Germany (Zero carbon emissions by 2050).
What is Community Choice Energy?
Community Choice Energy, sometimes referred to as “Community Choice Aggregation” or “CCA”, is a program that brings local control and freedom of choice and competition into the electricity marketplace. Currently, San Diego has only one electricity provider– San Diego Gas & Electric (SDG&E)– a de-facto monopoly. Community Choice allows cities and counties to purchase power on behalf of their residents and businesses to provide cleaner power options at a competitive price.
SDG&E would continue to deliver the power over their power lines, provide customer service and handle the billing. It is an agile public-private partnership. SDG&E, like almost all utility companies, publicly states they support a customer’s right to choose an alternate energy provider, but they fight it with their lobbying and political spending. Whether San Diego moves forward to provide this option is where CAC steps in.
How will Community Choice Benefit San Diegans?
Choice. In the past, there was only one electricity provider. A local community choice program offers you a choice of providers and creates competition that encourages innovation and improved pricing.
More clean energy. The local community choice provider can reduce the region’s carbon footprint by providing a higher mix of clean energy sources than the existing monopoly utility. In Sonoma County, for example, the default electricity service of their community choice energy program (Sonoma Clean Energy) provides 1.5 times more renewable energy than the area’s traditional utility, Pacific Gas & Electric, and creates 30 percent less greenhouse gas emissions. In addition, Sonoma Clean Energy’s optional EverGreen service is 100 percent local, clean and renewable – the first service of its kind in California!
Local control. In the past, electric rates were set without any input from San Diego customers. A local community choice program gives us local control and accountability of our rates.
New markets. Today, millions of dollars leave San Diego to pay for electric generation. Over time, a local community choice program can buy increasing amounts of power from local sources, helping support local jobs and local economic development.
Local programs. Today, millions of dollars are collected from San Diegans every year to use for energy efficiency and clean energy programs, but we have little say about what those programs entail and how and if they will benefit our region. A local community choice program can apply to use some of that money to develop new programs and incentives better targeted to our needs.
Cost. Community choice energy programs offer competition in the marketplace that allows the transition to 100% clean energy to be achieved at reasonable, competitive rates for cities, families, and businesses.
What are the costs like for other Community Choice Programs?
Costs for other CCAs for their standard options have been able to beat the rates of the competing utility. Check out the commercial and residential rates for Sonoma’s community choice program compared to the old utility, PG&E
Offering competition in the marketplace allows the transition to 100 percent clean energy to be achieved at reasonable, competitive costs for cities, families, and businesses. For example, Sonoma Clean Power provides customers with a standard option that has more clean energy at cheaper rates than the local utility, PG&E. In addition, customers can chose to power their businesses with 100 percent renewable energy by paying only 10 percent more per month than they would have paid to PG&E to receive less than one-third the amount of clean energy. For more details, check out the bill comparisons for business customers and residential customers.
How Do You Pay for It?
Community Choice Energy programs are revenue-based, not government-subsidized. That means they’re self-supporting from an existing revenue stream (electricity bills). The electricity rates consumers pay to a retail electric supplier or an investor-owned utility are bundled and redirected to support the group purchase of electricity through a local CCA program.
Where is Community Choice successful?
Operational Community Choice Programs in California:
- Marin Clean Energy –Launched May 2010- Serves Marin County, Napa County, and the cities of Benicia, Lafayette, San Pablo, Richmond, and Walnut Creek
- Sonoma Clean Power – Launched May 2014 – Serves Sonoma County and Mendocino County (as of Aug 2016)
- More Sonoma County cities Leaving PGE and Joining CCA: READ MORE
- Lancaster Clean Energy – Launched May 2015 – Serves the City of Lancaster in Los Angeles County
- CleanPower SF – Launched May 2016 – Serves San Francisco
- (Update Aug 2016: CleanPowerSF Expands Amid Strong Customer Demand)
- Penninsula Clean Energy – Launched Oct 2016 – Serves San Mateo County and the 20 cities in the County
- The Mercury News (10/2/16) “San Mateo County ditches PG&E, starts buying cheaper, greener energy“
Emerging Community Choice Programs:
- Central Coast Power (San Luis Obispo, Santa Barbara, and Ventura Counties)
- Santa Barbara County Votes to Fund Feasibility Study for CCA (6/11/15): Article here
- Monterey Bay Community Power (Monterey, San Benito, and Santa Cruz Counties)
- Redwood Coast Energy Authority (Humbolt County) – Service to begin in May 2017
- San Jose Clean Energy – (City of San Jose)
- Silicon Valley Clean Energy (12 communities in Santa Clara County: Campbell, Cupertino, Gilroy, Los Altos Hills, Los Gatos, Monte Sereno, Morgan Hill, Mountain View, Saratoga, Sunnyvale, and the unincorporated parts of Santa Clara County) – Services to begin in April 2017
Exploring Community Choice:
- City of San Diego
- County of San Diego
- Cities of Del Mar, Encinitas, Oceanside, and Carlsbad as part of a regional North County San Diego effort
- Riverside County
- Taking steps to buy its own electricity (8/22/16): READ MORE
- City of Solana Beach
- Alameda County:
- Doing CCA Study, August 2015 – READ MORE
- City of Davis
- City of Davis Considers Joining Marin CCA (May 21, 2015) READ MORE
- LA County
Interactive MAP: Visualize the information below with Clean Power Exchange’s interactive map here.
What’s the difference between Community Choice Energy, Municipal Utilities, and Investor Owned Utilities?
Unlike non-profit municipal utilities, or “munis”, CCE programs do not face the capital-intensive and open-ended challenge of valuing, purchasing, and maintaining expensive utility infrastructure. The CCE model offers a hybrid approach that exists between the investor-owned utility (e.g. SDG&E) and a municipal utility. Community Choice Energy programs reap the benefits of controlling power supply and generation without the financial drag of purchasing and maintaining sometimes antiquated utility infrastructure. In this way, it is a great option for municipalities who want control over their power supply, cost efficiency, and flexibility, but don’t want the financial and operational burdens of owning their own utility. Here’s a great graphic from Lean Energy explaining this:
What do I need to get started? Where can I find more informational resources?
Community Choice Energy exploration begins with education and engagement of government officials and the community. A typical official first step is to identify funding and obtain the energy load data from the local utility to conduct a technical feasibility study.
Sample “declarations to pursue”, resolutions and ordinances, Join Powers Authority Agreements, Technical Study examples, and Implementation Plans can be found on Clean Power Exchange’s Resources page.
Additional informational resources, sample documents, and FAQ can be found at Marin Clean Energy’s resources page.